The city center of Gumushane is established around the Harsit Rill flowing through a narrow valley having an elevation of 1400 m. The city center was once located on the present Suleymaniye Valley renowned as “Old Gumushane” but as after the transit road of Trabzon-Erzurum was directed to follow the path of Harsit Valley in the 20th century, it was moved to its current location.